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Join fellow weavers for a year-long study group to view the Jane Stafford’s Online Weaving Guild episodes on our big screen in BARN's small classroom or the great room. We will learn new weaving techniques and share our success as weavers.
Catherine Camp, firstname.lastname@example.org
More about the instructor Jane Stafford:
Jane began weaving at the age of 21, purchasing a new Fanny with the help of a chattel mortgage on her Chevette. Before two years were up she was accepted as an under-qualified, but very ambitious student at the Baniff School of Fine Arts. Two years later she was a teacher’s assistant there and, in a few more, an instructor herself. In subsequent years, Jane has had the great fortune to be able to earn a living doing what she loves most, weaving, and sharing her passion for excellence in cloth. Jane has been both a production weaver and a workshop instructor, helping students reach their potential across the continent, for over 25 years. She was the recipient of the “Teacher of the Year” award for 2014 from Handwoven Magazine. Jane now teaches exclusively in her studio on beautiful Salt Spring Island, British Columbia.
No registration needed. Free for members. Open to non-members. For non-members using the studio, there is a $20 drop-in fee payable to the studio monitor by cash or check made out to BARN. There is no charge for stopping by to check out the studio.
Learn fresh ways to express and hear your writing voice in this eight -week series. You will surprise yourself, learn more about your strengths, and enjoy writing activities in a supportive group setting. You will also have the option to submit up to three poems or 10-12 prose pages for written comments and then have time to workshop.
Julie Gardner, an Amherst Writers & Artists Affiliate, has led WritersGathering writing groups, workshops and retreats in Seattle for nearly a decade. A safe environment for writers of all levels and all genres is created. Past participants have said they learn more about their strengths, discover new ones, develop their repertoire of craft elements, take risks, generate writing, and have fun learning and generating writing with others. Two to three prompts are offered followed by optional readings and responses.
Get a good foundation in carving techniques, including push, stop and draw cuts. In this three-session class, you will learn the basics of safe handling and use of carving knives the first night, then go on to learn how to deal with changes in wood grain, hollowing techniques, and other concepts as you make a spoon and carve a figure during second and third sessions.
This class is open to both beginning carvers and those who already have some carving experience. Each time BARN schedules this class, the carving projects are new.
Tuition assistance is available. Click here to apply.
Instructor: As a third-generation woodworker, Jeff Iller learned about woodworking tools and knives early on. By high school, he was winning ribbons with his wood carvings at his hometown fair. Around 1996 Jeff found room for a shop and he has carved ever since. He’ll carve most anything, but prefers to innovate with the working tools to carve multiple parts inside one piece of wood and to make physically detailed and accurate carvings of women's faces. Carvings on the entry sign to the BARN Woodworking Studio shows the quality of his work.
Iller says he was taught early on that he could make anything from wood. He is still trying to prove that statement wrong.
Learn how to use hand tools skillfully in this three-week component of BARN's Beginning Woodworking series.
You will build a two-compartment tote, handy for storing or carrying silverware, garden tools or other items. The project was specifically designed to give you experience with the most common hand tools. You will learn to use:
Monitored Open Studio for students having completed one or more of the following classes: A-Z of Fusing, A-Z of Stained Glass, A-Z of Mosaics, Coldworking Intensive, and Basic Lampworking. Coldworking and Lampworking studio use have additional requirements. Contact the studio Lead if you have questions. Glass.Lead@Bainbridgebarn.org
BARN members are free.
Non-member drop in fee $20.00 payable at the beginning of the open studio, by cash or check made out to BARN.
There is no need to register.
Beginning print makers should either have taken or be currently enrolled in an introductory level class, and be able to work with existing skills. The monitor is there to provide guidance and help with occasional problem-solving. Maximum of 10 people.
Cut shapes out of flat sheet steel. Make an idea into hard reality.
Plasma cutting uses a highly focused electric arc and compressed air to cut steel. Wiki (paraphrased) describes the process thusly: Plasma cutting involves creating an electrical channel of super-heated, electrically ionized gas i.e. plasma, through the work piece forming a completed electric circuit. Compressed gas is blown through a focused nozzle at high speed. The electrical arc ionizes some of the gas, thereby creating an electrically conductive channel of plasma. As electricity from the cutter torch travels down this plasma it delivers sufficient heat to melt through the work piece. The compressed gas blows the hot molten metal away, thereby cutting through the work piece.
Participants will use a plasma cutter to create a design in 16 gauge steel (roughly 3/32nds). Each student will have a 2 foot square sheet of steel to work with. Bring a design to work with. Detail should be at a level you can draw with a sharpie or soapstone and trace with a somewhat awkward implement while wearing gloves.
Instructor: Henry Sharpe. Henry is an amateur welder and a participant in the Metal Fabrication group at BARN.
Received 5-21 via a calendar from Henry and posted on 5/21
Did you know that the Fiber Arts Studio has a room with sinks, stove, washer and dryer, as well as other equipment and supplies -- all dedicated to fiber crafts that use these kinds of resources.
Known as the “Lab,” this room in BARN’s Fiber Arts Studio supports a variety of surface design and related techniques, including natural and synthetic dyeing, eco-printing, screen printing, felting, paper-making, and more!
This Basic Orientation to the Lab introduces the Lab and is a prerequisite for using this room in the Fiber Arts Studio.
We will show you around the Lab in the Fiber Arts Studio, talk about best practices surrounding safety and sustainability, and then set up a follow up time to discuss the sorts of work you would like to do in the Lab and whether there are any additional prerequisites for it before you are signed off to use the Lab on your own. (This follow up is also required before you are cleared for independent use).
We welcome everyone to take this Basic Orientation to the Lab, even if you have no specific plans for the Lab and are just curious about this wonderful resource.
PLEASE NOTE: The 'Basic Orientation to the Lab' is not the general Fiber Arts Studio Orientation. To get a general Orientation to the Fiber Arts Studio, attend any of the Fiber Arts Open Studios and ask the Studio Monitor to give you an orientation to the full Fiber Arts Studio.
Please register so we know how many will be attending.
Ages: Ages 12+ welcome. Children under the age of 14 need to be accompanied by an adult.
Salted Chocolate Chunk Short Bread
Join us for our monthly Cookie Club Make and Take! We'll have the ingredients set up in the kitchen and we'll all learn together.
Each month we plan to work through the New York Times best cookie recipes. This monthly Cookie Club is a time to gather community and learn a new recipe.
See our calendar here to register each month!
** This class has prerequisites. Please see below.
In this class we will work with an intriguing and challenging lathe tool, the skew chisel. This versatile tool is especially useful in spindle turning, and one that can give you very smooth final cuts. In class, you will practice peeling cuts, V-cuts, making tenons, planing cuts, round-overs and beads, as well as parting, in the process of making an egg and spinning tops. Proficiency with the skew requires practice, but the rewards are great – it is a traditional tool used by all master turners!
Students need to have completed the Introduction to Woodturning class, and will do best in this class if they’ve put in a few practice hours on basic spindle work.
**Open to students who have taken BARN's Intro to Woodturning class or demonstrated equivalent lathe safety and turning skills during a private studio session with the instructor. If you have not take this course, please contact Bruce Claiborne, 206-498-3045, by February 10 to arrange a review of your skills before you register for this class.
Instructor Bruce Claiborne has been actively turning wood since 2007 and has taken lathe workshops from Kirk DeHerr, John Jordan, Richard Raffan, and others since that time. He has been teaching at BARN since 2015.
In this class you will learn how to set up and run the 6 x 18” Hydraulic surface grinder. You will be introduced to the coolant system, learn how to dress the wheel, set table travel limits, adjust speeds and feeds, clean surfaces and precision grind stock.
Must have Machine Shop Orientation class and be familiar with general metal removal techniques.
Instructor: Peter Moseley
Received 4-8-19, posted 4-11-19
A hands on presentation by nationally-known fiber artist Robyn Spady on the gadgets and tricks to help your weaving experience go just a little bit easier. Robyn has a vast amount of experience and is very knowledgable about how to make your weaving go just a little better without too much effort.
Weaving Labs are less formal presentations by other weavers/fiber artists on various topics with the intent to build a wide, more knowledgable weaving community.
Robyn Spady is a national treasure in the arts and crafts field, having years of experience nationally as a weaving and fiber arts teacher and conference keynote speaker. She is the author of numerous books and writes regularly for various fiber publications, including Handwoven, and she is the editor of Heddlecraft.
This class has prerequisites. Please see below.
Do you have a photo, drawing, or other sample of a texture or pattern that you want to use in your work but need a way to transfer it to your metal? To create patterns that are unique to your work, you can use the laser cutter to engrave paper with designs from your image files. Later, you can use the textured paper to transfer the pattern onto metal using a rolling mill. (You will not be embossing the metal in this class.)
You will learn:
· What types of designs work well with the laser cutter
· Which types of image files work with the laser cutter software
· Which settings to use in Inkscape and RetinaEngrave 3D
· What types of paper to use
You will be able to laser cut several samples using image files and paper provided by the teacher.
Joan Hammond began working in metal in 1994, when she started taking metalsmithing classes as an antidote to documenting computer software. What she discovered was a medium that not only utilized her previous training in painting, printmaking, and ceramics, but also opened the possibilities of creating art that can be worn.
Family artifacts and history, plants and animals, and the textiles and jewelry of non-Western cultures inspire her current work, which Hammond executes using the techniques of chasing and repoussé. Her long-time interest in Asian art, which deepened when she studied calligraphy and tea ceremony in Kyoto, Japan, continues to influence her aesthetics and sense of design.
* This class has prerequisites. Please see below.
This class is designed for woodworkers who want to understand the subtleties of using the four bandsaws in the Woodworking Studio. A bandsaw seems like a simple machine, but to use it effectively and get the best results, one must understand the types of blades, the guides that support the blade, the size and power of the saw, and how the teeth cut wood. And some cuts — such as resawing, curve-cutting curves and beveling — require special techniques.
In this class, you will learn how to choose which saw to use, how to check and adjust the guides for each saw, how to safely feed material through, and how to make a few specialty cuts, such as cutting round stock, repeating curved designs, and cutting perfect circles. Students are encouraged to ask questions relevant to their own project interests, and to share any problems they’ve had using bandsaws.
* This class is open to those who have completed Orientation to the Woodshop, Woodshop Tool Safety Checkout 1 and Woodshop Tool Safety Checkout 2.
Jamie Straw has been woodworking for over 20 years, with experience on all of the standard stationary tools of a wood shop. Her first floor-model tool was a bandsaw, which she uses for both sawing large woodturning blanks and processing dimensional lumber.
In this class you’ll be introduced to BARN’s Computer Numerically Controlled (CNC) Plasma Cutter and its safe operation. Plasma is an ionized high temperature arc. The Plasma Cutter uses the plasma arc under directed air pressure to cut through metal sheet or plate. With this device you can cut patterns from mechanical drawings or images of art work. Just as in BARN’s other metal fab CNC machines, this system is based on the Centroid Acorn controller and has a similar user interface. G-code used to drive the machine can be generated by Fusion 360 from drawings or images, or you can make use of Centroid’s Interactive CoNversational (ICN) mode that lets you cut shapes defined by a sequence of cutting operations.
This class complements our hand-held plasma cutter classes and focuses on safety, start up and shut down procedures, and cutting simple shapes using the Centroid’s Interactive CoNversational (ICN) mode.
“CNC Plasma Cutting and Fusion 360” (a next-step class in CNC Plasma sequence) will introduce you to creating and importing DXF and SVG files into Fusion 360, or making drawings in Fusion 360, and then use Fusion 360 to generate G-code for the plasma cutter.
Another next-step class, “Fusion 360 Sheet Metal Basics”, will introduce you to the sheet metal capabilities in Fusion 360 that can then be used to cut parts for sheet metal parts that will be bent and formed.
Go to this link to see the CNC in operation: https://vimeo.com/366139327
Instructor: Bob Mathisrud. Bob was cross trained in many trades as a stationary operating engineer, for over 20 years, at national food baking companies.
In this open studio one or more experienced machinists will be on hand to assist you with your project. The prerequisite for attending this Open Studio is Machine Shop Orientation and preferably at least one lathe and milling class.
Some experience with machine tools desired. Bring your own metal or plastic and hardware for your project. Bring safety glasses and hearing protection may be needed. We have ear plugs available.
Nothing defines ‘surprise’ as well as an unexpected pop-up structure in a book, a card, or even an invitation... these pop-ups cannot help but delight. You’ll make more than half-a-dozen basic 3-D structures, and assemble an easy Sampler-book put to them in. You will learn tips for adapting these structures to any paper or book project. Bonus: You will create an original pop-up card – ready to send, so give some thought to the lucky recipient.
Susan M. Callan has been a student and advocate of Book Arts since the early 1990’s. In the mid 2000’s, she was invited to join a 12-artist team, each teaching their own discipline under the auspices of The Creativity Center. Since then, she’s been teaching (and, of course, still learning) all aspects of Book Arts and Creativity. Since 2017, she has taught Book Arts; The Creativity Factor at the national Focus On Book Arts conference in Forest Grove, Oregon, in addition to other venues closer to home, Bainbridge Island.
Ongoing casting for Certificate of Craft Program Students Only.
What To Expect:
Session 2, come with appropriate casting wear (& hair up). After a review of the days plan we will get everything ready for the pour. Teams of 2 people will take turns casting until we finish. When all of the flasks are poured everyone can help clean up and show off their work!!
This MIG Welding #2 class is the second of a multi-part series to refine and practice what was learned in MIG #1. It is the next step once students have completed the MIG Welding #1 or the equivalent. (Confirm equivalency with the Shop Lead at email@example.com).
The class will focus on how to perform different kinds of welds – butt, lap, “T”, corner, and edge. The goal at the end of the studio is to feel comfortable with the operation of the welding machine and the MIG welding process in performing different welds. Students will progress to welded pieces and/or a simple project at the discretion of the instructor.
Instructor: Erin Munter was raised locally on the Island. In her 20's she moved to Oakland, California and attended the welding program at Laney College for 4 years. During this time she interned and volunteered at a metal arts school called The Crucible. She returned to Bainbridge Island and began doing furniture bases and other fabrication for Coyote Woodshop. Eventually she moved on to work at an Island fabricating shop as well as teach at another Kitsap area school aimed towards children's welding education. She still currently does fabrication all over Kitsap. Her passion is everything welded including large and small indoor and outdoor household amenities. She also takes part in the local art community with sculptures in local shows past and future.
Prerequisite: Those wishing to make use of Open Studio time to work on your own projects at Alchemy Industrial Arts must have taken at least one Blacksmithing class at Alchemy so that they are familiar with the safety protocols, processes and clean up procedures.
Location: This is an off-site class.
Alchemy Industrial Arts
9392 Wardwell Ave NE
Bainbridge Island WA
Jeremy Loerch, Alchemy Industrial Arts, owner, firstname.lastname@example.org. (206) 992-8509
Nathan Abell, BARN Metal Fabrication Monitor, email@example.com, (206) 491-8146
David Hays, Metal Fabrication Lead firstname.lastname@example.org
We’re honored to have award-winning author David Guterson launch our new Third Thursday series in the Writers Studio. This is an exciting opportunity to be part of a stimulating and thoughtful conversation with David about the writing life and his work. Come with your questions and enjoy this informal time with David.
David Guterson was born in Seattle on May 4, 1956. He was educated at the University of Washington, where he graduated summa cum laude as an English major in 1978, and where he received his Master's degree in Creative Writing in 1982 and his Teaching Certificate in 1983.
During his university years, Guterson worked in restaurant kitchens and for the U.S. Forest Service. In 1984, he began teaching high school English on Bainbridge Island. Simultaneously he began to work as a freelance journalist and became a contributing editor to Harper's magazine.
Guterson's many awards include a Guggenheim Fellowship, the White Award for Journalism, the Washington State Governor's Writers Award, the Swedish Academy Crime Writers' Award, the American Booksellers Association Book of the Year Award, the Barnes & Noble Discover Award, and the PEN/Faulkner Award for Fiction for Snow Falling on Cedars. He is currently the author of 11 books of fiction, non-fiction, and poetry.
No registration needed. Free for members. Open to non-members. For non-members, there is a $20 drop-in fee payable to the studio monitor by cash or check made out to BARN.
All are welcome to drop by during this Open studio if you would like to observe.
This Class is a deep dive into the CAM (Computer Aided Machining) for milling portion of Fusion 360. A how to that lets you fully utilize the CNC (computer controlled) SERVO Milling Machine. Bringing a laptop computer with Fusion 360 installed is required for this class.
We will import a 3D CAD file into Fusion360. Prep the file for transfer to the CAM workspace. Discuss the various options for tool path generation including their utility, limitations, and requirements. Options for holding down your work will be presented, including two sided work. You will then have an opportunity to run the rebuilt Servo CNC mill to cut out your part.
Each student will make their own personalized key chain fob.
Instructor: Chris Stanley is a fourth-generation artist/ craftsman who works in a variety of media. After working for many years as a professional model maker in both architectural and design fields, he went into education. He taught computer-aided design and other classes for the Art Institute of Seattle for 19 years.
Fix-It Saturday (FREE -- Members & Guests)
Fix-It Saturday takes advantage of the equipment and skills of the Metal Fabrication group at BARN to meet the challenge of repairing items brought in. Requested repairs should be focused on metal or related electrical projects. Your hands on participation in the "fix-it" process is encouraged.
See what we can do, what suggestions we can make, or what other avenues you might pursue if a fix is not at hand.
(No wheeled vehicles, please).
Registration is not required. Fix-It Saturday is free and open to members and non-members.
Please Note: Fix-It Saturday runs concurrently with an Open Studio available to qualified users. Open Studio users must register and pay the required materials fee for the Open Studio that is also held on this day. Please click here to register.
BARN will provide Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) for participants.
Participants who plan to weld must wear natural fiber clothing, long pants, long sleeves, closed toe shoes (natural fiber or leather), no stretch fabrics, and long hair tied back.
Rob Avery: Rob is a Monitor in the welding studio; a creative artist, loves to share, coach others and problem solve in creative ways.(email@example.com)
To use the shop, you will also need to attend our free one-hour Orientation to the Woodshop class.
Woodshop Tool Safety 1 will qualify you to use the following tools during Open Studio time and in classes that require certification in these tools:
This advanced class is for experienced fusers and is designed to take your glass skills to a new level. You will learn various techniques utilizing the vitrigraph kilns to make stringer and murrine that you will incorporate into three projects.
Day 1 of class you will learn vitrigraph kiln basics including color management, the different techniques for pulling cane and stringer, and recognizing hollows in cane. The rest of the day you will be pulling cane and stringer and begin cutting the cane into murrini for your first project.
Day 2, you will incorporate the cut murrine and sheet glass into a project of your own design. Once the first project is in the kiln, the class will work in teams to pull more stringer for the second project. The second half of the day begins with a discussion designed to simplify the complex appearance of the 3D chevron technique which is the second project. You will design a pattern and arrange your stringer on sheet glass and load it into the kiln for firing.
Day 3 requires the greatest skill level. You will be precisely cutting your 3mm patterned glass into thin strips, and coldworking the strips using the belt sander or lap wheel to ensure edges fit tightly together. You will then thoroughly clean and assemble the strips into a pleasing chevron pattern of your choice.
Day 4 you will have time to finish up the work from Day 3 and then create a third project utilizing sheet glass and leftovers from both the murrine and chevron projects. Projects from Day 3 and 4 will be fired at the end of class.
About our Instructor: Fyodor Zubanov is a physicist who for the past 26 years has used his artistic and technical skills working for Microsoft, and is currently a manager in Microsoft Services. Five years ago he gave his wife a kiln for her birthday. He quickly found glass addictive, and together they started Games of Colors where they create and sell their work. Fyodor constantly studied fusing glass techniques on-line, in books and classes, and finally developed the Chevron Technique. He has written two e-books on his technique and we are fortunate to have him teach at BARN.
Remember to wear close-toed shoes & long pants in the Glass Studio at all times! This is a strictly enforced safety policy. Thank you.
Many great cultures created bite size flavorful goodness wrapped in a layer of thin dough. Varenyky is not an exception, shaped like half-moons, boiled quickly, topped with sour cream revealing juicy insides to everyone who dares to try.
It is a fun process to make Varenyky, usually made by hundreds in a circle of family or friends, consumed and enjoyed right away. We’ll make savory filling of potatoes and mushrooms and sweet ones with cherries, always sour cream on top.
Dashka Blyzniukova's passion for food started at an early age. Growing up in Ukraine in the 80’s where farm to table was a necessity and not just a fashionable trend. She has spent years working in various capacities in the food industry at home and abroad, learning and putting her knowledge to practical applications. Currently, she is creating meals for Bainbridge families as a personal chef and working with fermenting gurus at Iggy’s.
Embellishing fabric is a great way to take a plain fabric or garment and customize to your personality and make it your own. People have been using embellishment techniques for centuries. In this class we will explore several different techniques that will allow you to start making your garments of fabric uniquely yours.
The class will start with a drawing exercise in which a simple shape will be used to explore design. From there we will use these sketches to begin the process of embellishment. We will cover techniques such as embroidery using four basic stitches: the running stitch, the French knot, the chain stitch, and the outline stitch. We will be using various embroidery thread and ribbon to explore stitched embellishment.
You will also learn appliqué techniques (raw and needle turned as well as reverse appliqué. We will look at fabric manipulation, simple beading and the addition of buttons. Finally, you will pick a print fabric and learn to merge it with a solid and embellish the solid fabric to compliment the print.
We will be stitching on small samples and you will leave with a small book of stitched samples.
Monotype is a printmaking process that can lend itself to gestural and expressive mark making. You will be instructed in the use of a variety of printmaking approaches, including trace monotype, viscosity printing, and additive and subtractive methods which will include using brushes, rollers, rags, oil sticks, etc. to create unique images. All levels are welcome, from beginner to advanced with instruction tailored to individual needs and goals.
The monotype printmaking process lends itself to gestural and expressive mark making, and Eric will demonstrate viscosity printing, layering techniques and the use of alternative media in making monotypes.
About the InstructorEric Chamberlain, a Seattle based artist, shows his work at Shift Gallery in Seattle, and has exhibited with Shift at the Seattle Art Fair for the past three years. His work is included in a number of permanent collections, including the Museum of NW Art in La Conner, Hotel Max Seattle, and Meryl Lynch Bellevue. Eric currently teaches at Pratt Fine Arts Center in Seattle; his previous positions include art instruction at Creative Arts Week, Maine, Kirkland Arts Center, Washington, and Adjunct Professor, SMU, Texas.
"I continue to depict everyday objects, creating imagery that juxtaposes both imagined and observed memories. Recently, as I spend more time in the studio, I have begun to incorporate an array of bottles, jars, cans and architectural elements from my workspace.
*Prerequisites required, please see below.
Every tiny precious object deserves a beautiful locket to keep it safe, a locket that opens smoothly on well-constructed hinges and closes with a satisfying snap of the clasp. We'll build such containers in this class, starting with roll-printing to decorate the locket case, followed by demos and discussion of the infinitely variable intricacies of constructing lockets, hinges, and catches.
Please wear closed-toe shoes. Wear hearing protectors when warranted and safety glasses; bring your own or use BARN's. Tie back long hair. Avoid loose-fitting clothing and jewelry; roll up sleeves.
Instructor: Julia Lowther Growing up in Monteverde, Costa Rica, my hands were always busy with embroidery, crochet, weaving, and other fiber arts. I moved to Seattle in 1996, discovered metal, and quickly gravitated to chains -- an appealing transformation of stiff, unruly wire into flexible structures of satisfying weight. The manual dexterity gained from decades of needlework translated neatly to working at a jewelry scale. I believe the craft arts have immense value. They are the best and finest expressions of the alliance between our big brains and our opposable thumbs. Fine craft is living art, coming down off the walls, taking to the streets, making every day artful and special, and inviting people to join the community and become makers themselves.
You’ve written a book…but are you ready to share it with readers (if you're self publishing) or agents and publishers (if you're going the traditional route)? This energy-filled class walks both fiction and nonfiction writers through a practical, easy-to-apply checklist of 46 things to look for in their own work, from first draft to final layout. Following the production cycle of a book, we’ll talk about how to consider your work in progress the way a professional editor would, and how to recognize everything from pacing problems to formatting issues. We’ll talk about when you should tackle something yourself and when you might need outside support to help get to the next level. Get ready to look at your Work In Progress in a whole new way!
Beth Jusino is a publishing consultant for both traditional and self-publishing authors, with almost 20 years of experience helping writers navigate the complicated space between manuscript and final book. A former literary agent and marketing director, she’s the author of the award-winning The Author’s Guide to Marketing and has ghostwritten or collaborated on half a dozen additional titles. Beth is a member of the Northwest Independent Editors Guild, a regular speaker for Seattle Public Library’s #SeattleWrites workshops, and has taught at writers’ conferences across the country. Visit her online at www.bethjusino.com or on Twitter @bethjusino.